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The Miwok of the US -- An Example of Coalescence
Dr. Orville Boyd Jenkins

Miwok Language Family Tree from Ethnologue
Penutian, Yok-Utian, Utian, Miwokan

Penutian  (33)

Yok-Utian  (11)

Utian  (10)

Miwokan (7)

Eastern (5)

MIWOK, BAY  [MKQ]

MIWOK, PLAINS  [PMW]

Sierra (3)

MIWOK, CENTRAL SIERRA  [CSM]

MIWOK, NORTHERN SIERRA  [NSQ]

MIWOK, SOUTHERN SIERRA  [SKD]

Western (2)

MIWOK, COAST  [CSI]

MIWOK, LAKE  [LMW]

Ethnologue data from Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 14th Edition
Copyright 2002 SIL International


 

MIWOK Entries Registry of Peoples (ROP)

ROP Peoples

Release 1 Entries

 

ROP

People Code

People Name

Memo

Source

101934

Central Sierra Miwok

5 speakers; California

PIN / SIL

102298

Costal Miwok

1 speaker; California

PIN / SIL

105588

Lake Miwok

Nearly extinct; California

PIN / SIL

106679

Miwok

20 speakers; California

PIN / SIL

107460

Northern Sierra Miwok

Nearly extinct

PIN / SIL

108071

Plains Miwok

Nearly Extinct

PIN / SIL

 

Release 2 Entries

 

ROP

People Code

People Name

Memo

Source

106679

Miwok

California, Wyoming; English mother tongue; perhaps 50 still speak Miwok varieties extinct or almost extinct

PIN / SIL

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

ROP Geopolitical Language

Release 1 Entries

 

ROP
People Code

People Name

Country Name

Registry of
Languages

LanguageRank

101934

Central Sierra Miwok

United States

CSM

P

102298

Costal Miwok

United States

CSI

P

105588

Lake Miwok

United States

LMW

P

106679

Miwok

United States

SKD

P

107460

Northern Sierra Miwok

United States

NSQ

P

108071

Plains Miwok

United States

PMW

P

 

Release 2 Entries

 

ROP

People Code

People Name

Country Name

Registry of

Languages

Language Rank

Memo

106679

Miwok

United States

ENG

P

English mother tongue; perhaps 50 still speak Miwok varieties extinct or almost extinct

 

Conclusion:

The Miwok have shifted Language Streams, but retain a unique Miwok identity. The separate Miwok ethnic streams have coalesced into one Miwok stream.

Orville Boyd Jenkins, Ed.D., Ph.D.
Email: researchguy@iname.com

First Developed December 2002
Edited and First Posted on Thoughts and Resources 1 March 2004
Last Edited 14 May 2004

Copyright Orville Boyd Jenkins 2002, 2004
Permission granted for free download and transmission for personal or educational use. Other rights reserved.

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